It’s been quite a while since we’ve had a new Edge Rails post. I’ve really missed them and there have been a lot of changes, both big and small, on the Edge in the time since. In this post I’ll cover a little bit of everything that’s been happening over the past week or so in Rails. Along with this, you should expect to see more frequent and regular updates on all that is currently going on.
Goodbye SQLite dbfile
This is a relatively minor change, unless you still refer to your SQLite database as a
dbfile in your
dbfile option key is now gone, having been replaced a long time ago by the more standard,
database key. So, if you’re suddenly seeing, “
No database file specified” errors after you update, this may be your cause.
Кирилица\n祝您好運 ??? We got your Кирилица\n祝您好運 RIGHT HERE
Sava Chankov provided a patch fixing Content-length HTTP response headers being incorrectly calculated with Ruby 1.9 and multi-byte characters. The content length is now calculated based off of the
String#bytesize rather than just the
String#size. This takes advantage of the multi-byte character support built in to Ruby 1.9, just as long as you remember to always properly tag your multi-byte file with the correct encoding header (i.e.
# encoding: utf-8).
That’s not our job
Some spring cleaning, mostly made possible through Rack support, allowed Edge to hand-off some additional responsibilities to the stack. The most interesting of which is now off-loading some of the content-length calculation to your web server rather than being processed directly from within Rails. The largest benefit of this is not so much for the application developers as for you middleware developers. This means that you no longer have to re-calculate the content length when manipulating the body of an HTTP response.
This does not appear to affect the previously mentioned update by Sava, because his fix seems to most largely affect streaming file responses directly through Rails.
We <3 the Hash, and now so does the Cache
Cache control is now being handled by an internal Hash rather than independent string values. Old and busted:
headers['Cache-Control'] = 'private', new hotness:
response.cache_control[:public] = true. Additional
cache_control options include:
:must_revalidate, and the oh-so-descriptive
:extras, which is used mostly for your custom header content.
What time is it!?
Geoff Buesing provided a useful fix for
Time, specifically when used in conjunction with ActiveRecord. Now you can save and search ActiveRecord objects using whichever local time zone you like, regardless of what your default time zone is configured for and everything now will just work. You no longer need to be concerned about converting your user’s local time into your default application time or vice versa.
It’s STATE of the art
ActiveRecord now has easy access to ActiveModel’s
StateMachine implementation. I don’t know about you, but somehow I always seem to find a way to bring state machines into my Rails applications, and now building in - even fairly complex - state machines just got a whole lot easier.
For an example of
ActiveModel::StateMachine and to get an idea of how you might use it, check out my more detailed blog post over at Envy Labs.
Front. Back. Side to side.
Paul Gillard committed a patch which now allows for both custom suffixes (which really isn’t new) and prefixes (omg THAT IS!) on your ActiveRecord attributes. This gives you access to
attribute_method_suffix, and now
attribute_method_affix. While it may sound a little silly, check this out:
class Person < ActiveRecord::Base attribute_method_affix :prefix => 'me_mateys_', :suffix => '_is_in_pirate?' private def me_mateys_attribute_is_in_pirate?(attr) send(attr).to_s =~ /\bYAR\b/i end end person = Person.find(1) person.name #=> 'Paul Gillard' person.profession #=> 'A Pirate, yar!' person.me_mateys_name_is_in_pirate? #=> false person.me_mateys_profession_is_in_pirate? #=> true
Okay, well, that’s still a little silly, but hopefully you get the idea and can think of a few usage scenarios of your own. So, basically, now you can add your own dynamic ActiveRecord methods that can potentially affect any or all of it’s attributes.
Clean yourself up
Paul Gillard posted another useful patch, utilizing that one previously mentioned, to now provide us all with this syntactic sugar:
reset_attribute! And he even provided us with a pirate of his own to show off this new bounty:
pirate = Pirate.create!(:catchphrase => 'Yar!') pirate.catchphrase = 'Ahoy!' pirate.reset_catchphrase! assert_equal "Yar!", pirate.catchphrase assert_equal Hash.new, pirate.changes assert !pirate.catchphrase_changed?
Nobody likes a dirty pirate.